Ibiza / The Island of Ibiza
Delving into the history of Ibiza is doubtlessly the ideal compliment to getting the best out of visiting the island. Megalithic, Roman, Vandal, Byzantine and Moslem civilisations, the medieval Christian conquest of 1235 and events up to our time have all left their mark. Visits to museums, monuments and archaeological remains serve to better understand and enjoy the mosaic of cultures that have passed through these lands. But beyond that they serve to become familiar with the island’s social and cultural reality. Don’t miss the surprising chapters in a story in which you are also a participant.
The walled city of Ibiza, traditionally call Dalt Vila, was fortified by Felipe II to protect it from attacks by the Ottoman Empire and pirate raids. The walled enclosure of Dalt Vila has five entrance gates. The main one, located in front of the Marina quarter, is reached by going up a sloping road that passes by a drawbridge, called Portal de ses Taules, which is flanked by two Roman statues. Once inside the walled city, we enter the parade ground, which leads to Plaça de Vila, the heart of the quarter and departure point for reaching the ramparts. The ramparts offer splendid panoramic vistas of the bay, Ses Salines and even the island of Formentera. We recommend climbing to the plaza of the Cathedral, which offers a view of the dome of the sixteenth-century Church of Santo Domingo.
It is also the location of the Ibiza Archaeology Museum, which contains a number of artefacts from the time when Carthage ruled the Mediterranean. Next to the Archaeological Museum is Puig des Molins, with more than 3,000 tombs, is the largest and best-preserved Phoenician-Punic necropolis and finest collection of Punic remains in the world.
This all was declared in 1999 a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Ibiza preserves a sanctuary in a cave built to worship Tanit, the Phoenician goddess of love and fertility: Sa Cova des Culleram, located in the Sant Vicent de Sa Cala area in the municipality of Sant Joan de Labritja in northeastern Ibiza.
The cave Can Marçá dates back over 100,000 years and rodent bones and fossils from extinct species, whose skeletons are kept in the Natural History Museum today, have been found there. The access road affords a spectacular panoramic view of the Port de Sant Miquel, Pas de S'Illa, the Walled Island and Torre des Molar. Following down a pathway carved into the rock leads to the mouth of the cave 14 metres above sea level where the visit begins.
There are so much to discover...